Journal Article Publications

Please contact the Gobi Framework team directly if you would like access to any of the below publications.

  • Grenfell-Shaw L and Toktomushev K (2021) Social Licence to Operate: Gold Mining in Kyrgyzstan. In: Kent C, Lalani S, Petrochilos G and Ziegler A (eds) Social License and Dispute Resolution in the Extractive Industries. Boston: Brill.


  • Sternberg, T., McCarthy, C., & Hoshino, B. (2020). ‘Does China’s Belt and Road Initiative Threaten Food Security in Central Asia?’ Water 12, 2690; doi:10.3390/w12102690



  • Sternberg, T., Ahearn, A. and McConnell, F., 2019. From conflict to a Community Development Agreement: a South Gobi Solution. Community Development Journal


  • Lezak S, Ahearn A, McConnell F, Sternberg T. 2019. Frameworks for conflict mediation in international infrastructure development: A comparative overview and critical appraisal, Journal of Cleaner Production, doi:
  • Sternberg, T., Ahearn, A. and McConnell, F., 2017. Central Asian ‘Characteristics’ on China’s New Silk Road: The Role of Landscape and the Politics of Infrastructure. Land, 6(3)
Working Papers

Kulova, Nazgul. 2021. Addressing Local Conflicts in the Kyrgyz Republic’s Mining Industry: A Holistic Approach. UCA Working Paper [in Russian]. Link:

Other Publications and Op-Eds

Toktomushev, Kemel. Jan. 22, 2021. Anti-Chinese Sentiments in the Extractive Industry: A Central Asian Example. Link:


Truck accident on the road leading to the Chinese border outside of Khanbogd, South Gobi.

Knowledge Exchange Reports

A Report on Benefit Sharing, Conflict Resolution and Local Collaboration, 18 December 2018, Ulaanbaatar

On 18 December, 2018, the Gobi Framework research team1 gathered 15 experts from Mongolian Government, industry, NGOs, and universities to discuss challenges and opportunities to benefit sharing, conflict resolution and local collaboration in the extractive sector. Discussion focused on understanding to what extent mining companies and government adopted international frameworks such as the IFC’s performance standards, ICMM Community Development Toolkit or World Bank Mining Community Development Agreements, amongst others. After examining a case study from Peru, the group reflected on the types of conflicts occurring in the Mongolian mining sector as well as current information sharing practices between mines and local citizens. This dialogue revealed the varied perspectives and experiences of companies, NGOs and government actors in Mongolia and produced insights around best practices for advancing more inclusive infrastructure development in Mongolia and beyond.

Project Newsletters

Get up to date with the Gobi Framework project’s work in 2019:

Newsletter 1: September 2018 to March 2019

Download Gobi Framework Newsletter 1,  March 2019 here.

Batdawaa, Mongolia Research Assistant, interviewing in Omnogobi province.

Newsletter 2: April 2019 to September 2019

Download the English Version of the Gobi Framework Newsletter 2,  September 2019 here

Almaz Tchoroev, Research Assistant, doing fieldwork in Kyrgyzstan.

Newsletter 3: October 2019 to March 2020

Download English Version of the Gobi Framework Newsletter 3, March 2020 here

Download the Mongolian Version of the Gobi Framework Newsletter, April 2020 here

January 2020 training on research proposal writing in Ulaanbaatar

Newsletter 4: April to September 2020

Download the English Version of the Gobi Framework Newsletter 4,  September 2020 here